The Cultivar: Queen Victoria

The scientific name for pinapple is Ananas Cosmosus, a member of the Bromeliaceae family.The family contains more than 2,100 species placed in 46 genera, but the most ecomically important species is the pineapple.

There are four major varieties of pineapples:
• Smooth Cayenne
• Queen Victoria
• Red Spanish
• Pernambuco

All varieties of pineapple have bumpy diamond-patterned skins.
They are primarily grown in Hawaii, Brazil, Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Australia, Malaysia, China, Indonesia, Thailand and South Africa.

The following pineapple varieties are grown commercially in South Africa:
• The Queen Victoria pineapple (Queen for short)
• The Smooth Cayenne pineapple

The Cayenne pineapple is usually processed and used for juice and canning. The Cayenne pineapple has smooth leaves and can reach up to 6kg.

The Queen Pineapple is very popular, sweeter and more palatable to be eaten fresh. The Queen Pineapple has thorny leaves and is generally smaller in size than the cayenne. The Queen is grown primarily for the local and overseas fresh fruit markets.



Pineapple Nutritious Facts Per 200 grams (3 slices)

• Virtually fat free
• Energy : 494 kilojoules (117 Calories) volume wise a low source of 
• Fibre : 3.6 gram
• Vitamin C : 86 mg (143% of the RDA for adults)
• Sugar free : sweetness provided by fructose
• Contains the enzyme : Bromelain (present in raw pineapple or freshly  
   squeezed pineapple juice)

Vitamin C

• Helps white blood cells fight off infection.
• Helps the body to absorb iron. Iron is needed to make haemoglobin, the
  red pigment in the blood, which transports oxygen from the lungs to the
  rest of the body.
• Antioxidant properties help protect the body from harmful effects of too 
  many free radicals.
• Helps form and maintain collagen which holds together the cells in your 

Vitamin C cannot be stored in the body as it is excreted in the urine within 2 to 3 hours after it has been taken. To ensure optimal health sufficient daily amounts should be taken.
Pineapples are an excellent source of Vitamin C!



Queen pineapples are inspected and tested continuously on the local and export markets to ensure the highest quality and consumer safety. Certifications for exporting pineapples are done to comply with the following standards:
• Globalgap
• Nature’s Choice
• Field to Fork


Due to the world focus on sustainable agriculture and the effect of chemicals on the environment, a number of producers have been changing their farming practices to organic.
Organic certification is done by Ecocert and complies with European Union Organic standards. Soil preparation includes the use of rotational crops such as sorghum and sunhemp to adequately control nematode populations. Organic fertilizers are applied in conjunction with biodegradable paper to ensure organic standards are met.
Contact the office for details of organic certified producers.

The above details are given as a guideline and the association cannot be held responsible for the validity of figures quoted.